History 历史

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Essential oil has been around for 6000 years or more. Humans have been using this natural medicine to treat illness, prevent disease, healing, as well as for beauty, food, mood and religious ceremony. It’s only been in the past few centuries, with the development of modern medicine, these connections have been lost.

  • The Egyptians used essential oils in medical, beauty, food and in religious ceremony. Hieroglyphics on the walls of Egyptian temples depict the blending of oils and describe hundreds of oil recipes. 

  • In China 2,700 BC Shen Nung wrote the first medical book about cures using aromatic herbs.
  • The Arabians around 500 B.C. developed a thriving frankincense trade known as Frankincense Trail.
  • In India aromatic oils became an integral part of the Indian Ayurvedic medicinal system.
  • The Greek physician Hippocrates (460 – 377 BC) was an advocate of holistic healing using aromatic treatment.

  • During the Roman Empire in the city of Capua an entire street was occupied by essential oil manufactures.
  • Throughout the Bible there are over 188 references to essential oils. The 3 wise men gave the new born Jesus gold, frankincense and myrrh.
  • In the 13th century Muslim scientist Ibn al-Baytar was the first individual to write down how to produce essential oils.
  • During 14th century plague, 4 thieves robbed the bodies of the victims by using a special oil blend to stay immune.

  • For several hundred years the Australian Aborigines have used the antiseptic Tea Tree Oil, which named by Captain James Cook in the 18th century.
  • The word “aromatherapy” was first used in the 1920s by French chemist René-Maurice Gattefossé after an accident in his perfume laboratory.
  • During World War II, a French doctor, Dr. Jean Valet, used essential oils out of desperation to treat soldiers’ wounds.
  • In the middle 1980s research began that led to the recovery of essential oils in the United States.
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精油已经有超过六千年的历史。人类一直在使用这种天然药物治疗、预防疾病,以及用于美容、食物、精神上或宗教仪式。只是在过去的几个世纪中,随着现代医学的发展,这些连接已失落。

  • 古埃及人在医疗、美容、食品和宗教仪式上使用精油。埃及神殿墙上的象形文字描绘了精油和数百个配方。 
  • 公元前2700年中国神农氏写了第一本关于草药治疗的书。
  • 公元前约500年阿拉伯人发展了蓬勃的乳香贸易,更有乳香之路的开发。
  • 在印度,芳香精油成为阿育吠陀治疗系统的一部分。

  • 希腊神医希波克拉底(公元前460-377)把芳香疗法用于整体治疗。
  • 罗马帝国时代卡普阿城市有条街道布满了精油出产商。
  • 圣经内有超过188个关于精油的描述。三位智者给了初生的耶稣黄金、乳香和没药。
  • 13世纪的穆斯林科学家伊本阿贝塔是第一个写下如何生产精油的人。
  • 14世纪瘟疫其间四位小偷在偷窃瘟疫受害者时使用了一种具有免疫力的精油配方。
  • 几百年前澳洲原住民使用了能消毒的茶树油,18世纪库克船长为茶树命名。

  • 1920年代法国化学家勒内莫里斯在实验室发生了一项事故后为“芳香疗法”命名。
  • 第二次世界大战期间一名法国医生贞华勒在紧急状况下使用精油来治疗士兵伤口。
  • 在80年代中期,在美国逐渐展开精油的研究和重新开发。
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